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Anthropologie of colour - or what colour is a culture,

la collaboration du Musée de Samara en Russie

et du plasticien Jean-Luc Turlure et Servas artists

Derrière ce titre interrogatif se révèle la collaboration d’un plasticien montpelliérain, Jean-Luc TURLURE et de Vladimir I. IONESOV Directeur du Samara State Institute of Culture.

« Anthropologie of colour - or what colour is a culture » est une programmation d’expositions s’inscrivant dans d’un Programme International pour le Rapprochement des Cultures de 2013 à 2022.

La première phase développée par Vladimir I. IONESOV avait pour thème « La couleur blanche ». Pour la deuxième phase, Jean-Luc TURLURE proposa « Les couleurs de la Paix ».

L’idée était lancée, parmi la cinquantaine de dossiers reçus, 34 artistes de 12 pays ont été retenus. Les circonstances sanitaires ont cependant retardé l’exposition prévue de septembre à décembre 2020. Celle-ci, toujours en attente, sera reprogrammée prochainement.

D’un commun accord, nous avons décidé d’éditer un livre afin de marquer l'événement et de préparer la suite. Ainsi est paru un livre de 140 pages aux Edition Leprimas – Paris.

Partenaires : Samara State Institute of Culture, International School for Advanced Research in Cultural Studies, Samara Regional Universal Scientific Library et l’ONG Servas avec « Servas artists ».

A Budapest en 2007, l’artiste plasticien Jean-Luc TURLURE crée « Servas artists ». Il en est le responsable au niveau international au sein de l’ONG SERVAS. 

 

Le projet artistique et culturel "Anthropologie de la couleur, ou de quelle couleur est une culture" fait référence à la couleur en tant que réalité culturelle mouvante, créative et multiforme, représentant le monde dans toutes les couleurs, tons, compositions, déplacements et transitions.
La culture de la couleur est conçue pour repousser les horizons et les limites de la vie, en rapprochant le monde de lui-même grâce à la force puissante du charme visuel et de l'expérience esthétique. La couleur dans la culture marque la réalité avec des signes, des symboles, des images, des intrigues, des paysages, des décors (vues pittoresques), des récits...
Ici, tout vise à rendre le monde visible et reconnaissable, domestiqué et accessible aux humains. Cependant, la couleur ne nous donne pas seulement la capacité de distinguer les choses, elle est aussi le principal séducteur et trouble-fête de la culture, elle excite l'imagination et inspire la créativité, et provoque à chaque fois des actions symboliques, des histoires dramatiques et des transitions émotionnelles. 

BLANC, BLEU, ROUGE, VERT, JAUNE, NOIR... Là où il y a de la couleur partout, il y a des tentations et des performances, des expériences passionnantes, des rencontres, des croisements avec un mot, une image artistique, une intrigue littéraire, une pratique rituelle, un son musical et même avec une odeur. La couleur déclenche une grande variété de sentiments qui nous permettent de la regarder, de l'écouter, de la sentir et de la respirer. Les couleurs, les tons, les demi-teintes, les fonds, les reflets, les ombres, les nuances, les associations (connexions mentales) n'apportent pas seulement dans la culture les signes de sa reconnaissance (identification) et de sa requalification, mais deviennent aussi les participants d'une grande conversation sur un individu, sa vie et son destin. La couleur apparaît dans une variété de formes artistiques (guises) - dans la culture, elle est incarnée dans des images, des personnages, des visages, des choses, des événements, des valeurs, des stéréotypes comportementaux...
N'est-ce pas suffisant pour faire de la couleur notre interlocuteur sur les besoins les plus pressants de notre époque ? Ne devrions-nous pas placer la couleur dans le champ créatif de la création visuelle ?

Peut-être que ce n'est que sur les sites art-culture construits avec l'aide de la couleur, qu'elle nous rappellera quelque chose d'important et nous permettra de rendre notre monde un peu meilleur.

La couleur blanche peut être considérée comme le principal concepteur de la culture. D'innombrables images et intrigues y sont projetées. "Le blanc représente la lumière, sans laquelle aucune autre couleur ne peut être vue", notait Léonard de Vinci. Le philosophe Ludwig Wittgenstein a affirmé que "le blanc fait reculer l'obscurité".
L'histoire de la culture est semblable à une feuille blanche remplie d'inscriptions, de dessins, de croix, de marques, de traits, qui ne deviennent distinguables et reconnaissables que grâce au fond blanc. L'histoire du blanc est pleine de drame et de spiritualité, de déception et de joie, de douleur et de plaisir. Tout le monde ne réussit pas l'épreuve du blanc, mais celui qui la réussit est invincible.

L’ ONG SERVAS est une Association internationale de plus de 100 pays. Son but est de promouvoir la Paix à travers la rencontre, l’échange, le partage. Servas a 2 sièges à l’ONU pour les Conférences sur la Paix.

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Jerry Ross

Servas member USA (Eugene, Oregon)

"The artist's wife, Angela Ross, in Amazon Park, Eugene. An example of the "macchia" underpainting and partial overlay of pigment giving this portrait an abstract quality. This characterizes the artist's "Vinci" style which is a hats off to drawing as a means of observation (Leonardo) combined with the artist's interest in "spot" or "stain" technique from the Italian I Macchiaioli."

"Ross works in a variety of moods—simple, elegant portraits; soft, earth-toned landscapes; and studies of historical work based on old master paintings. The latter are not literal copies but rather abstract compositions that "show the power of the old master's sense of composition and form." As time goes on, Ross is increasingly interested in scenes of contemporary working class life. He approaches such subjects without a shrill, messianic desire to foment action, but to work with the idea of expressing an abstract notion of social harmony. So, Ross's subject matter is strong, but restful, while his style and handling of paint convey a gestural energy that keeps each canvas lively.

 

Recently, Ross's emphasis has changed somewhat, demonstrating a greater interest in figurative work. Working quickly with an economy of expression, Ross has created multi-figure Italian beach scenes in a style he calls American verismo. These are related to his earlier old master studies.   Beach paintings like "Martinsicuo" have provided Ross with an outlet for combining his interests in Italy and the human form."

 

Jim Rapp (Eugene - Oregon - USA) Servas member
 

This photograph was one of many taken of Maya, Liv and Jennifer during a five-day

photography workshop at a remote ranch in Southern Wyoming (USA). They come from three

distinctive parts of the USA – rural Maine, New Jersey near New York City, and coastal

California. One is a Penobscot Tribe Native American Indian. Individually and collectively they were intensely creative, and although I framed the shot and pushed the shutter release, the effort was 100% collaborative.

 

At the end of day’s picture session, they pulled the long colorful cloth out of bag, wrapped it

around themselves, spontaneously held hands, and went for a stroll. I was there to record it.

The brilliant colors, and the field, forest and mountain backdrop, evoke the diversity of our

world. Being connected by a single sheet of cloth, and the handholding, expresses how working together peacefully and freely work can achieve something more than the individual parts.

 

I find my best work with people comes when the subjects(s) and the taker (me) effectively

make the picture together. For the technically inclined, the photo is a digital image taken with a Fuji 50R camera. Colors are as shot, with rvasNO digital postprocessing to boost the saturation.

                                                                                              jimrapp@comcast.net

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Olyn, M-L Grish

SERVAS ART PROJECT Sculpture

Servas member - Mexico

My parents told me that when I barely had my teeth, I started to carve apples and pears and I continued this activity for many years. I remember being fascinated by the forms and looking at them, or perhaps studying them, waiting for some understanding. There was never any doubt that I was to be a sculptor, or rather I was born a sculptor. My continuing search to understand three-dimensionality led me to place a sculpture in the ocean. It was suspended halfway between the surface and the ground having invented the technology to keep it in place. To my great joy it worked, and I decided to create a series of sculptures based on the citizens of the sea. This is the way the flying underwater show called New Creatures of the Sea was born. It is now more than 10 years later, and the show has become a vehicle

to raise consciousness about the many problems the oceans and her creatures are facing. My team and I give conferences with the videos we have created about the Creatures and sometimes also with an exhibition of the sculptures.

For me sculpture has always been a way to explore new horizons. The themes that have inspired sculptures are: Space exploration, Awareness Sculpture, Internal and External Space, The Human Condition, Funny Beings and now Flying Underwater Sculpture. For some years I work one theme and then I go on to another. Some of these sculptures are in bronze, or stainless steel, but most are made with fiber-glass.

Color

The sculptures for the flying underwater show are white, the sum of all colors. There is a reason for this, the ocean in collaboration with the sun changes the colors. While diving at about 10 meters deep I cut my hand on coral, the blood, instead of going down went up and instead of the usual red, was green!

Wonderful! But this is normal. At this depth, the colors become the opposite--red becomes green, yellow becomes blue, etc. But to go back to the sculptures, when they are placed in the water, they are not really white. They become hues of blues and greens with speckles of gold from the sun. Colors dance on the forms in

Olyn, M-L Grish thousands of patterns that are never the same and the sculptures are in perpetual motion.

White is nice, but blue is my color. When I see color, and or forms, inside of me I hear one instrument or sometimes music. But the darker blues, midnight blue, indigo, the famous ultramar, (which is prepared with the semi precious stone lapislazuli), and the mysterious cobalt blue, they are all the sound of the cello. All

of these blues make music and that music is the sound of the ocean, the mysteries of the deep, just like the sound of the cello is also the mystery of the soul. The two together form a powerful union capable of creating works of art.

I respect the painters who can harmoniously mix colors, like Odilon Redon. I am a sculptor who sometimes paints, but something in me insists on using

monochrome. Oh well, each to his own song.

Peace

I like to think that in the future we, the human race, have learned to tolerate and respect each other and live in peace. But that is only one aspect of peace. The bigger, and for me more important side of peace is to respect nature, and most important the ocean. All beings on this planet, whether animal or vegetable are

dependent on the ocean. Also, we, the humans are intimately related to the sea because the fluid in the womb is chemically very close in composition to sea water. Whether we live in the mountains, big cities or in a village at sea level the health of the ocean affects us. "The living ocean drives planetary chemistry,

governs climate and weather, and otherwise provides the cornerstone of the life support system for all creatures on our planet, from deep-sea starfish to desert sagebrush. That's why the ocean matters. If the sea is sick, we will feel it. If it dies,

we die. Our future and the state of the oceans are one." Silvya A. Earle from her book Sea Change. Right now, we are at war with nature, especially with the ocean. To repeat, our survival depends on our making peace with the ocean.

Humanity must make peace with nature.

Olyn, M-L Grish April, 2020

olynmar@yahoo.com

 

 

 

 

Le Livre rassemble 34 artistes – 34 portraits – 12 pays - 102 œuvres – 140 pages – Format A4 vertical - numéroté/signé à 150 exemplaires pour l’Edition originale – Langage russe et anglais - Prix : 15 €uros

Editions Leprimas – Paris (mars 2021)

N° ISBN : 978-2-9506319-3-0 - Dépôt légal Bibliothèque nationale - Paris

Site web : https://turlure.wixsite.com/editions-leprimas/collection

Contact pour commander le livre:
Jean-Luc TURLURE
tel. 06 83 73 13 09
email: turlure@gmail.com

artists@servas.org

This publication is the second part of a cultural program of the city of Samara (Russia).
34 artists - 34 portraits - 12 countries - 102 works - 140 pages
Editions Leprimas - Paris
N° ISBN : 978-2-9506319-3-0 - Legal deposit National Library - Paris

https://turlure.wixsite.com/editions-leprimas/collection

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